It doesn’t bare thinking about, but the idea of a fire or blaze starting in your home is a terrifying. If we go to a public building, like an office or library, school or theatre then we’re told where the exits are and we’d be instructed what to do in the event of fire.

Companies such as smart sign create easy to read fire safety signs and instructions in order to assist in such a situation, but what about at home? Fires in the home are uncommon, and luckily there are steps you can take to make your family safer and get them to safety, should an emergency arise.

Remember: If there is a fire inside your home – get out, stay out and call 999 – don’t try to tackle the fire yourself.


  1. Fit at least one smoke alarm on every level of your home and in any room where a fire could start.
  2. Remember to test all your alarms monthly.


  1. It is safer not to smoke.
  2. Try to smoke outside and make sure cigarettes are put right out.
  3. Never smoke in bed, or anywhere else if you think you might fall asleep.
  4. Do not leave a lit cigarette or pipe unattended.
  5. Use proper ashtrays and never throw hot ash into the bin.
  6. Keep matches and lighters well out of the reach of children.


  1. Candles, tea lights and incense burners should only be placed in stable, heat-resistant holders.
  2. Keep candles well away from curtains, furniture and clothes

In the kitchen

  1. Never leave pans unattended when cooking.
  2. If the pan does catch fire: Don’t tackle the fire yourself or try to move the pan. Never throw water onto it as this can create a fireball.
  3. If you can do so safely – turn off the heat.
  4. Leave the room and close the door. Shout to warn others to get out, stay out and call 999

In case of fire: plan your escape

  1. Make an escape plan and practise it regularly to make sure everyone knows how to get out safely.
  2. The best route is the normal way in and out of your home.
  3. Plan a second route in case the first one is blocked.
  4. Never store anything in communal areas including balconies. Items can block your escape route and be a fire risk.
  5. Always keep door and window keys where everyone you live with can find them.


  1. If any of your smoke alarms go off when you are asleep, follow your escape plan, get out and call 999.
  2. Do not open the door if it feels warm – the fire may be on the other side.
  3. Smoke can kill, get down as low as possible where the air will be clearer.
  4. If your escape is blocked by fire close the door and use soft materials to block any gaps to stop the smoke.
  5. Try to call 999, go to a window, shout “HELP, FIRE” and wait to be rescued.